UK National Committee for Antarctic Research - Glaciology
SCAR Working Group on Glaciology - UK representation
SCAR (Scientific Committee on
Antarctic Research) has a number of scientific working groups, one of which is the SCAR Working Group on Glaciology.
Since 1996, the UK representative on this Working Group has been Eric Wolff from the British Antarctic Survey. SCAR gives a listing of other members of the
Working Group. The Working Group meets
approximately every two years. The 1996 meeting coincided with the SCAR meeting (SCAR
Cambridge in August 1996. The recommendations from SCAR XXIV can be found in SCAR
Bulletin volume 125 (April 1997). The Working Group met in September 1998 at the Sixth
Symposium on Antarctic
Glaciology (SISAG) in Lanzhou, China. I presented a UK report to the Glaciology
Working Group. The next meeting of the WG will be at SCAR XXVI in Japan in 2000.
UK input to SCAR is organised by the UK National Committee for Antarctic Research under
the auspices of the Royal Society. The UK representative on the SCAR WG Glaciology sits on
this committee. The committee meets annually (currently in the springtime). The 1998 meeting
was on 12th May, but this year there is an extra meeting in December 1998. The UK committee
believes that SCAR is in need of institutional reform, and the UK representative to SCAR
therefore put a position paper forward to SCAR in Chile (July 1998), proposing a review of
This page will act as a conduit for passing on SCAR recommendations
that are relevant to
glaciology, as a means of soliciting input from the UK glaciology
community, and as a brief
directory of UK researchers and their activities in Antarctic glaciology.
This page last updated on 16 December 1998.
Items of interest to glaciologists generally come from the Glaciology Working Group, but
also from the SCAR Global Change
Recommendations from SCAR XXV
The main meeting of SCAR XXV in 1998 made three recommendations of particular relevance
- SCAR XXV-11: Concerning air-snow-ice transfer processes; this recommendation
recommends that National Committees support (i) collection of surface snow data through
ITASE, (ii) studies of air-snow interchange and air firn-ice exchange to support deep drilling
- SCAR XXV-12: Concerning ITASE and expedition datasets; this
ITASE as a joint SCAR-IGBP PAGES
programme, and recommends that National Committees
support the associated data compilation.
- SCAR XXV-13: Concerning the BEDMAP proposal; approves the
BEDMAP proposal for
compilation of ice thickness and bedrock data as a joint initiative of SCAR and European Science
Foundation, and urges national operators to contribute data.
Other recommendations on data centres and directories are also relevant. Full texts of these
recommendations will appear in SCAR Bulletin in due course.
SCAR Working Group on Glaciology - discussions at 1998 meeting
The 1998 meeting took place in conjunction with the Sixth International Symposium on
Antarctic Glaciology at Lanzhou, China, in September 1998. A full report should appear in
SCAR Bulletin in due course.
The meeting was well attended (approx 18 nations represented). It discussed national
reports and a number of international programmes, so that all countries were aware of their
status. It was agreed that the next WG meeting will be in Japan in 2000 with XXVI SCAR. The
meeting elected Qin Dahe of China as WG Chairman. A number of formal recommendations
were made, most of them updates of those from the 1996 meeting. I will include the details here
when I have formal minutes.
SCAR Working Group on Glaciology - discussions at 1996 meeting
The 1996 meeting took place at XXIV SCAR in Cambridge. A full report can be read
in SCAR Bulletin No. 126, pp. 8-10.
The meeting discussed a number of international programmes, so that all countries were
aware of their status. There was discussion of the Vostok drilling, and how far it was safe to drill
towards the lake. It was decided to hold the Sixth International Symposium on Antarctic
Glaciology (SISAG) in Lanzhou, China, in September 1998. Five formal recommendations
- REC XXIV - Glacio 1, recommending additional effort to determine Antarctic mass balance
- REC XXIV - Glacio 2, supporting the BEDMAP project (this was built into a main SCAR
- REC XXIV - Glacio 3, supporting the programme of Glaciology of the South Shetland
- REC XXIV - Glacio 4, recommending monitoring of ice shelves
- REC XXIV - Glacio 5, supporting ITASE and air-snow transfer studies (this essentially
became main SCAR recommendation XXIV-8)
SCAR Global Change Programme
Several programmes within this are relevant to glaciologists:
- ISMASS - Ice Sheet Mass
Balance and Sea Level Contributions
- PICE - Paleoenvironments from
- ITASE - International
Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expeditions
- ASPECT - Antarctic Sea Ice
Processes, Ecosystems and Climate
- ANTIME - Late
Sedimentary Record of the Antarctic Ice Margin Evolution
Input into SCAR Working Group on Glaciology
If you want me to raise issues in the SCAR WG (generally issues with an international
dimension), or in the UK National Committee, please contact me. This would be especially
important just before the meetings of these bodies.
Please send any comments to email@example.com.
Directory of UK researchers involved in Antarctic glaciology
This is a listing of groups and lead investigators with current activities or an expressed interest
in Antarctic glaciology. If you wish to add your name, or amend your listing, please let me know
(firstname.lastname@example.org). Where known, I have made links
to web pages for the group or researcher.
BAS carries out glaciological research within its
Ice and Climate Division. Lead investigators and their interests are:
- Chris Rapley, Director of BAS, interests in remote sensing of ice.
- Dougal Goodman, Deputy Director of BAS, interests in sea ice, mechanical
properties of ice.
- Liz Morris, Head of Ice and Climate Division, interests in snowmelt
modelling, Antarctic Peninsula mass balance.
- Phil Anderson, interests are mainly meteorological, but includes work on
interactions between the atmospheric boundary layer and the snow surface.
- Chris Doake, interests in ice dynamics, remote sensing of ice sheets, stability of
west Antarctic ice sheet, ice sheet modelling. Chair of EISMINT (European Ice Sheet Modelling
Initiative) Steering Committee.
Hindmarsh, interests in ice sheet modelling, stability of marine ice sheets, ice divides.
- Adrian Jenkins, interests in ice shelf modelling, ice-ocean interactions, marine ice.
- John King, interests are mainly meteorological, but include work on blowing snow,
and GCM modelling of Antarctic precipitation.
- Robert Mulvaney, interests in ice core chemistry, and chemistry-climate links,
currently involved in EPICA Dronning Maud
- Keith Nicholls, interests in Antarctic oceanography and ice shelf-ocean interactions,
heavily involved in ROPEX cruise on HMS Endurance.
- David Peel, interests in paleoclimate from ice cores. Strongly involved in planning
of European Programme for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA).
- John Turner, interests are mainly meteorological, but include work on origin of
Antarctic precipitation, and on linking meteorological and ice core data.
- David Vaughan, ice sheet
dynamics, remote sensing, ice shelf break-up; co-ordinator of SCAR BEDMAP project.
- Eric Wolff, paleoclimate
from ice cores, ice core chemistry, air-snow transfer studies, electrical properties of ice. Strongly
involved in EPICA Dome C drilling project.
- Neil McIntyre, Antarctic work on iceberg counting project (with BAS, Reading,
UEA) and on sea ice from remote sensing.
- Colin Pillinger and Geraint Morgan, Antarctic work is on isotope ratios of
methane in air bubbles in polar ice, collaboration with Robert Mulvaney at BAS.
- Hugh Griffiths, development of remote sensing instruments.
University College London, Department of Geological Sciences
Sammonds, Antarctic interests in fracture mechanics of ice shelves and rheology of ice,
particularly using laboratory measurements. Development of empirical flow laws incorporating
fabric anisotropy and recrystallisation. Involved in measurements of mechanical properties of
EPICA ice cores. Co-PI's: Steve Covey-Crump, Stan Murrell, Martin Rist.
University College London, Mullard Space Science Laboratory
- Duncan Wingham, head of Climate Physics Group, including glaciology. Satellite remote
sensing with aim of improving knowledge of ice sheet topography, ice dynamics and surface
University of Bristol, Department of Geography
- Jonathan Bamber,
satellite remote sensing observations of climate change in the polar regions, behaviour of the
Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets under changing climatic conditions, radar altimetry of
non-ocean surfaces, in particular the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets.
- Grae Worster, Antarctic interests in formation of marine ice under ice shelves.
Collaboration with Keith Nicholls at BAS.
University of Cambridge, Scott Polar Research Institute
University of East Anglia, School of Environmental Sciences
- Grant Bigg, Antarctic
interests in icebergs and mass balance (with BAS, EOS, Reading).
- Bill Sturges and Stuart Penkett, based in the trace gas lab,
Antarctic glaciological interest is in the trace gas composition of past atmospheres from studies
of firn air and air bubbles in ice, with particular emphasis on last 100 years. Bill Sturges is
co-ordinator of EU FIRETRACC project, with BAS (Robert Mulvaney) and groups from France,
Germany and Switzerland.
University of East Anglia, School of Mathematics
- Leslie Morland, Antarctic
interests include ice sheet modelling and snowmelt modelling.
University of Edinburgh, Department of Geography
- David Sugden, glacial and polar geomorphology, ice sheet modelling, stability of
East Antarctic ice sheet, further details available here.
University of Leeds, Environment Centre
- Stephen Mobbs,
Antarctic glaciological interests focus particularly on blowing snow. Collaboration with BAS
(John King and Phil Anderson).
University of Leeds, Department of Geography
Murray, Antarctic interests focus on geophysical techniques and microprocessor control
of field instrumentation.
University of Oxford, Mathematical Institute
- Andrew Fowler, theoretical ice
sheet modelling, interaction of basal processes with ice flow, role of drainage and deformation
till in formation of Siple Coast ice streams and occurrence of Heinrich events, generation of
University of Reading, Environmental Systems Science Centre
- Robert Gurney,
collaboration with Liz Morris at BAS on snow surface reflectance modelling; work on iceberg
counting project (with BAS, EOS, UEA).
University of Wales at Aberystwyth, Centre for Glaciology
- Julian Dowdeswell,
Director of Centre until June 1998, research interests include: (a) the dynamics of large ice
masses and their
response to climate change; (b) the application of airborne and satellite geophysical techniques
in glaciology, and (c) processes and patterns of sedimentation in glacier-influenced marine
- Mike Hambrey,
Director of Centre. Antarctic interest is in the Cenozoic glacial history of Antarctica from
offshore drilling and
onshore stratigraphic investigations; the Antarctic work has been undertaken with the Ocean
Drilling Program, and the national programmes of New Zealand, Germany, Australia and the
- Martin Siegert,
Antarctic interest is the study of Antarctic sub-glacial lakes from geophysical data, including
airborne radio echo sounding, and numerical modelling information; funded to correlate the
Antarctic ice core palaeoenvironmental records from Vostok and Dome C using radio-echo